HIS 244 – Midterm Study Guide (Fall 2013)

History 244 – Modern United States History

Professor Rogers

Midterm Examination Study Guide

This study guide should provide you with all of the necessary information to study and do well on the final examination. Students will be provided with a blue book(s) in which to write their answers.

The midterm examination will be held on Wednesday, October 16th.  Students will have the entirety of their class period to take the exam.


The exam will be broken into two parts: term identification and short answer questions.

Part One – Term Identification (15 points)

Students will be given between ten and fifteen terms drawn from the lectures, of which they will be asked to identify only THREE. Again, students are to select only THREE TERMS to identify. Any terms identified beyond that will be ignored. Each identified term will be worth up to five points, for a total of fifteen points on this part of the exam.

In indentifying terms students are expected to explain WHO or WHAT the term is, WHEN the term took place historically, WHERE the term fits geographical, and, most importantly, give the Historical Significance of the term. When describing the WHEN of a term, a student is not required to always give an exact date – centuries (such as 1600s, 1700s, etc.) or over all time periods (the Medieval Warm Period, the American Revolution, etc.) are acceptable.  When discussing the Historical Significance  of a term students should be sure to stress why the term is important to American history and place in context with other events, people, and historical processes we have discussed in class. Any answer that does not cover all of these points will lose points.

List of possible terms on the test is provided below

Part Two – Short Answer (10 points)

Students will be given between five and ten short answer questions, of which they will be asked to answer TWO. Again, students are only to answer TWO questions. Any questions answered beyond that will be ignored. Each question answered will be worth up to five points, for a total of ten points on this part of the exam.

Answers are expected to be between three to four paragraphs and answer all aspects of the question. Any answer that is either too short or fails to cover every aspect of the question will lose points.



Transportation revolution


Communication revolution

The telegraph

Industrial Revolution


“cult of domesticity”

Lincoln’s Reconstruction Plan

Andrew Johnson

Radical Republicans


The Black Codes

Radical Reconstruction

The 14th Amendment

Union Leagues




Redeemer Democrats

Klu Klux Klan

Colfax Massacre


U.S. Grant

15th Amendment

Panic of 1873

Compromise of 1876

Transcontinental railroad

National brands

Second Industrial Revolution

“new” immigration

The corporation

“limited liability”

Vertical integration

Horizontal integration

Middle management


Holding companies

Wounded Knee

Dawes Act

The Social Question

Panic of 1893

Social Darwinism

Gospel of Wealth

Labor Unionism

The New South

Bourbon Democrats

“home rule”

Southern Transcontinental railroad

Poll taxes

Literacy tests

Jim Crow

Booker T. Washington

Atlanta Compromise

Ida B. Wells

Plessy v. Ferguson


Merger movement

Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)

Interstate Commerce Act (1887)

Pendleton Act (1883)

Cooperative Movement

Grange & Framers’ Alliance


The People’s Party

“the Silver Question”

Election of 1896


The new middle class


The Social Gospel

Political Machines

The initiative

The referendum

Recall elections


Women’s suffrage



19th Amendment

World War I

Committee on Public Information (CPI)

Espionage and Sedition Acts

“the return to normal”


Commercial Aviation

The telephone

The assembly line



The New Era

Consumer culture

Public amusements & mass entertainment

Coney Island

The New Woman

The flapper

The Great Migration

The Great Crash

Causes of the Great Depression

International debt crisis

The ordeal of the Great Depression

Depression culture

Herbert Hoover


Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)

The New Deal

Franklin Roosevelt (FDR)

Countervailing power

The First Hundred Days

Emergency Banking Act

Glass-Steagal Act


Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC)

Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)

Rural Electrification Administration (REA)

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)

Civil Works & Public Works Administrations

“American Liberty League”

Industrial unionism

Congress of Organizations (CIO)

Second New Deal;

Wagner Act

National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)

Social Security Act

Court Packing Scheme

“Roosevelt Recession”

Fair Labor Standards Act


Author: Roy Rogers

I am currently a PhD candidate in American History at the Graduate Center at the City University of New York (CUNY). My undergraduate education was at Shepherd University (Political Science & History) and I received an MA in History from George Mason University. As a historian, my research interests include early American history, the early American republic (1780 to 1830), political history, religious history, and gender history. I live in Brooklyn with my girlfriend and our cat.

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