HIS 243 – Midterm Study Guide (Spring 2013)

History 243 – Foundations of the United States

Sections 301 – H & J

Spring 2013

Professor Rogers


Midterm Study Guide


This study guide should provide you with all of the necessary information to study and do well on the mid-term examination. Students will be provided with a blue book in which to write their answers.


The midterm will be held on Monday, March 18, 2013.



The exam will be broken into two parts: term identification and short answer questions.


Part One – Term Identification (15 points)

Students will be given between ten and fifteen terms drawn from the lectures, of which they will be asked to identify only THREE. Again, students are to select only THREE TERMS to identify. Any terms identified beyond that will be ignored. Each identified term will be worth up to five points, for a total of fifteen points on this part of the exam.


In indentifying terms students are expected to explain WHO or WHAT the term is, WHEN the term took place historically, WHERE the term fits geographical, and, most importantly, give the Historical Significance of the term. When describing the WHEN of a term, a student is not required to always give an exact date – centuries (such as 1600s, 1700s, etc.) or over all time periods (the Medieval Warm Period, the American Revolution, etc.) are acceptable.  Any answer that does not cover all of these points will lose points.


A list of possible terms on the test is provided on below.


Part Two – Short Answer (10 points)

Students will be given between five and ten short answer questions, of which they will be asked to answer TWO. Again, students are only to answer TWO questions. Any questions answered beyond that will be ignored. Each question answered will be worth up to five points, for a total of ten points on this part of the exam.


Answers are expected to be between three to four paragraphs and answer all aspects of the question. Any answer that is either too short or fails to cover every aspect of the question will lose points.




“Archaic Indians”


“Holy Trinity of Native Crops” (maize, squash, beans)


Mound Builders






Agricultural Revolution

The Black Death


Military Revolution

Spain (Spanish Empire)






 “The Columbia Exchange”


“The Black Legend”





Missionary Friars

“The castas”

“mourning wars”

The Fur Trade



New Birth

Henry VIII






“City on the Hill”

“The Great Migration”

“Bible Commonwealth”

Northern Algonquians


Pequot War

Praying Towns


Slavery in Africa

The Slave Trade & The Middle Passage

The gang system

The task system

Northern slavery


The Netherlands (Dutch Empire)

New Netherland

Navigation Acts


William Penn

“weighty friends”

“holy experiment”

The Stono Rebellion


Indentured Servitude

Bacon’s Rebellion

King Philip’s (Metacom’s) War

Dominion of New England

Commercial & Consumer Revolution

Benjamin Franklin

George Whitefield


“mushroom gentlemen”


Seven Years War (French & Indian War)

The Peace of Paris

Pontiac’s Rebellion

Proclamation Line

Stamp Act

Sons of Liberty

Committees of Correspondence


Tea Act

Coercive Act


Author: Roy Rogers

I am currently a PhD candidate in American History at the Graduate Center at the City University of New York (CUNY). My undergraduate education was at Shepherd University (Political Science & History) and I received an MA in History from George Mason University. As a historian, my research interests include early American history, the early American republic (1780 to 1830), political history, religious history, and gender history. I live in Brooklyn with my girlfriend and our cat.

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