Final Exam – Fall 2012 (POL 11)

Political Science 11 – Introduction to Political Science

College Now

Fall 2012

Professor Rogers


Final Study Guide


This study guide should provide you with all of the necessary information to study and do well on the mid-term examination. Students are to write their answers on the test sheet and any paper provided by the instructor.


The midterm will be held on Tuesday, December 18, 2012.





The exam will be broken into two parts: term identification and a short answer question.


Part One – Term Identification (15 points)

Students will be given the definitions of fifteen terms drawn from the lectures and readings and they are expected to match each definition with the correct term – provided from a list on the test sheet. Each term is worth one point, for a total of fifteen points on this portion of the exam.


A list of possible terms on the test is provided below


Part Two – Short Answer (10 points)

Students will be given between five and seven short answer questions, of which they will be asked to answer TWO. Again, students are only to answer TWO questionS. Any questions answered beyond that will be ignored. The short answer question answered will be worth up to five points.


Answers are expected to be between three to four paragraphs and answer all aspects of the question. Any answer that is either too short or fails to cover every aspect of the question will lose points.



The House of Representatives

The Senate

Express Powers (Congress)

Implied Powers (Congress)

Appropriations laws

Tax laws

Authorization laws

“Necessary and Proper” Clause

Congressional Budget Office

Office of Budget Management

President of the Senate

President Pro Tempore of the Senate

Majority Leader (Senate)


Speaker of the House


Standing Committees

Select Committees

Joint Committees

Conference Committees


25th Amendment to the Constitution


“diplomatic recognition”


Executive Agreements

“executive discretion”

The Cabinet

The Veto

The “pocket veto”

Signing statements

Presidential Pardons

War Powers Resolution of 1973


“stare decisis”

Statutory Law

Criminal Law

Civil Law

Constitutional Law

Administrative Law

Dual Court System

Original Jurisdiction

Appellate Jurisdiction

Constitutional Courts

Legislative Courts

The Supreme Court

Majority Opinions

Concurring Opinions

Dissenting Opinions


Political Parties

First Past the Post (FPP) elections

Proportional Representation (PR)



“spoiler” candidates

National Conventions

Republican & Democratic National Committees (RNC/DNC)

“independent” voters

“swing” voters

“low information” voters

Interest groups

Trade Associations

Labor Unions

Professional associations

Public Interest Groups

Single Issue Groups

Political Action Committees (PAC)


Grassroots Organizing


Political Culture

Political Socialization

Public Opinion

Intensity (Public Opinion)

Concentration (Public Opinion)

Stability (Public Opinion)

Distribution (Public Opinion)

Salience (Public Opinion)

Scientific Polling

Sampling (Polling)

Telephone Polls

Exit Polls

Focus Groups

Media as reporter

Media as agenda-setter

Media as investigator






Anarchy (International Relations)

Balance of Power

Monroe Doctrine

Roosevelt Corollary

The Cold War


Collective Security

Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points

The League of Nations

The Bretton Woods Agreement

The United Nations




Modern Globalization

Marshall Plan





September 11, 2001

Osama bin Laden & al-Qaeda

Saudi Arabia

Fundamentalist-Radical Islam

Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan (1979)


The First Gulf War (1990-1991)

The War on Terror

The Bush Doctrine

War in Afghanistan (2001- )


National Security Strategy of 2002


Guantanamo Bay

The “surge” in Afghanistan (2009 -2012)


Author: Roy Rogers

I am currently a PhD candidate in American History at the Graduate Center at the City University of New York (CUNY). My undergraduate education was at Shepherd University (Political Science & History) and I received an MA in History from George Mason University. As a historian, my research interests include early American history, the early American republic (1780 to 1830), political history, religious history, and gender history. I live in Brooklyn with my girlfriend and our cat.

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