History 243 – Foundations of the United States
Sections 301 – I & J
Final Examination Study Guide
This study guide should provide you with all of the necessary information to study and do well on the final examination. Students will be provided with a blue book(s) in which to write their answers.
The midterm will be held on two different dates, depending on your section. For the morning class (section I) the exam will be held on Wednesday, December 21 from 11 am to 1 pm. For the afternoon class (section J) the exam with be held on Monday December 19 from 1:30 pm to 3:30 pm. Students will have the full period of time in which to complete their exam.
The exam will be broken into two parts: term identification and short answer questions.
Part One – Term Identification (15 points)
Students will be given between ten and fifteen terms drawn from the lectures, of which they will be asked to identify only THREE. Again, students are to select only THREE TERMS to identify. Any terms identified beyond that will be ignored. Each identified term will be worth up to five points, for a total of fifteen points on this part of the exam.
In indentifying terms students are expected to explain WHO or WHAT the term is, WHEN the term took place historically, WHERE the term fits geographical, and, most importantly, give the Historical Significance of the term. When describing the WHEN of a term, a student is not required to always give an exact date – centuries (such as 1600s, 1700s, etc.) or over all time periods (the Medieval Warm Period, the American Revolution, etc.) are acceptable. When discussing the Historical Significance of a term students should be sure to stress why the term is important to American history and place in context with other events, people, and historical processes we have discussed in class. Any answer that does not cover all of these points will lose points.
List of possible terms on the test is provided below
Part Two – Short Answer (10 points)
Students will be given between five and ten short answer questions, of which they will be asked to answer TWO. Again, students are only to answer TWO questions. Any questions answered beyond that will be ignored. Each question answered will be worth up to five points, for a total of ten points on this part of the exam.
Answers are expected to be between three to four paragraphs and answer all aspects of the question. Any answer that is either too short or fails to cover every aspect of the question will lose points.
Olive Branch Petition
Battle of New York
Battles of Trenton & Princeton
Battle of Saratoga
Battle of Yorktown
Patriots & Loyalists
Pennsylvania Constitution (1776)
Massachusetts Constitution (1780)
Lord Dunmore’s Proclamation
The Articles of Confederation
The Hamiltonian Program
Quasi-War with France
Alien & Sedition Acts
“Revolution of 1800”
Richard Allen & AME Church
“cult of domesticity”
Democratic (Jacksonian) Party
The Louisiana Purchase
“the New England argument”
War of 1812
Missouri Controversy & Compromise
Indian Removal Act of 1830
The Trail of Tears
Mexican War (War with Mexico)
Upper (Border) South
Age of Reform
Horace Mann & Common Schools
William Lloyd Garrison & The Liberator
“necessary evil” pro-slavery argument
“positive good” pro-slavery argument
Mail Campaign of 1835
“free soil ideology”
Free Soil Party
Compromise of 1850
Fugitive Slave Act
Dred Scot Decision
Election of 1860
The Secession Crisis
Confederate States of America (CSA)
The United States of America (Union)