HIS 244 – Final Review (Fall 2013)

History 244 – Modern United States History

Professor Rogers


Final Examination Study Guide


This study guide should provide you with all of the necessary information to study and do well on the final examination. Students will be provided with a blue book(s) in which to write their answers.


The final examination will be held on two separate days depending on your section – the morning class exam will be held on Monday, December 16th at 8:30am and the afternoon class exam will be held on Tuesday, December 17th at 8:30am. Students will have two hours to complete the exam.



The exam will be broken into two parts: term identification and short answer questions.


Part One – Term Identification (15 points)

Students will be given between ten and fifteen terms drawn from the lectures, of which they will be asked to identify only THREE. Again, students are to select only THREE TERMS to identify. Any terms identified beyond that will be ignored. Each identified term will be worth up to five points, for a total of fifteen points on this part of the exam.


In identifying terms students are expected to explain WHO or WHAT the term is, WHEN the term took place historically, WHERE the term fits geographical, and, most importantly, give the Historical Significance of the term. When describing the WHEN of a term, a student is not required to always give an exact date – centuries (such as 1600s, 1700s, etc.) or over all time periods (the Medieval Warm Period, the American Revolution, etc.) are acceptable.  When discussing the Historical Significance  of a term students should be sure to stress why the term is important to American history and place in context with other events, people, and historical processes we have discussed in class. Any answer that does not cover all of these points will lose points.


List of possible terms on the test is provided below


Part Two – Short Answer (10 points)

Students will be given between five and ten short answer questions, of which they will be asked to answer TWO. Again, students are only to answer TWO questions. Any questions answered beyond that will be ignored. Each question answered will be worth up to five points, for a total of ten points on this part of the exam.


Answers are expected to be between three to four paragraphs and answer all aspects of the question. Any answer that is either too short or fails to cover every aspect of the question will lose points.




Hoover’s foreign policy


The Neutrality Act (1937)

FDR’s foreign policy


The Grand Alliance

The Atlantic Charter (1941)

“collective security”

Bretton Woods Agreements

United Nations

Potsdam Conference

The Cold War


The High Cold War (1945-1960)


The Truman Doctrine (1947)

The Marshall Plan (1947)

The Korean War (1950-1953)


The Fair Deal

Taft-Hartley (1947)

National Security Act of 1947

The Sunbelt

The New Consumerism

Suburban America

Federal High Way Act of 1956


“The Other America”

The Civil Rights Movement


Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

The Montgomery Movement (1955)

Martin Luther King Jr.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)

The Great Society (1963-1965)

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Voting Rights Act of 1965



Office of Economic Opportunity

Department of Housing & Urban Development

Elementary & Secondary Education Act of 1965
Immigration Act of 1965


Affirmative Action

Chicago Campaign (1966)

Watts Riot (1965)

Detroit & Newark (1967)

Commission on Civil Disorders (1968)

Native American Civil Rights Movement

“termination” (1953-1958)

Declaration of Indian Purpose (1961)

National Indian Youth Council

American Indian Movement (AIM)

Indian Civil Rights Act (1968)

Black Power

Massive Resistance

“color-blind conservatism”

Richard Nixon (1968-1973)


The Vietnam War (1954-1975)

Ngo Dinh Diem

National Liberation Front (NLF)

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)

Pleiku Incident (1965)



The Anti-War Movement

The Tet Offensive (1968)



Invasion of Cambodia

Peace of Paris (1973)


The New Left

Personal liberation

Participatory democracy

The counterculture

Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)

Port Huron Statement (1962)

The Free Speech Movement (FSM) (1964)

The New Feminism

National Organization for Women (NOW)


Women’s liberation

Gay liberation

Stonewall Riot (1969)

The New Right

Libertarian conservatism

Christian conservatism


AFL-CIO (1955- )

“Treaty of Detroit”


“right to work”

Rise of Euro-Japanese economies

Industrial policy



McGovern-Fraser Commission

George McGovern

Watergate Scandal (1972)

Abortion Politics

Equal Rights Amendment (1972)


OPEC oil embargo

The tax revolt

Proposition 13 (1978)

Jimmy Carter (1976-1980)



NATO (1949)

Warsaw Pact (1955)


Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)

Henry Kissinger (1968-1977)

US-China Relations (1968-1980)

SALT I (1971)

The Allende Coup (1970-1973)

Helsinki Accords (1975)

International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs)

Amnesty International

Carter’s Foreign Policy (1977-1981)
SALT II (1979)

Camp David Accords (1979)


Paul Volcker (1979-1987)

The Volcker Recession


Supply-side economics

Economic Recovery Act of 1981

Social Security Reform Act of 1983

Professional Air Traffic Controller’s Organization Strike


The AIDS Crisis




Author: Roy Rogers

I am currently a PhD candidate in American History at the Graduate Center at the City University of New York (CUNY). My undergraduate education was at Shepherd University (Political Science & History) and I received an MA in History from George Mason University. As a historian, my research interests include early American history, the early American republic (1780 to 1830), political history, religious history, and gender history. I live in Brooklyn with my girlfriend and our cat.

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